BVLOS. Beyond Visual Line of Sight. Our future, your future. How far we have come as an industry here in Canada in just a few short years!

Drones and Drone software technology is growing by leaps and bounds not just here in Canada but on a Global platform.

Transport Canada is considered a world leader in developing Rural BVLOS. In quarter 1-2, 2022 Transport Canada will be releasing the new Canadian Aviation regulatory framework for BVLOS flights in Canada and releasing the rules for BVLOS in the CARs The Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Jobs! We predict an explosion of great paying jobs for Drone pilots, Drone technicians, Maintenance teams and more. PWC (Price Waterhouse Cooper) predicts a $500 Billion Drone Industry in North America by 2026

Why do we stand firm on this projection for Canadian jobs in the Drone Industry 2022 on? Our current operational environment is VLOS or Visual Line of Sight in Canada. VLOS is not a practical investment stimulant for a company to purchase a $150,000.00 Drone(s) and form a Flight Department under VLOS restrictions

Let’s take the new upcoming BVLOS regulations from one Hydro companies point of view. This particular company has over 18,000 kilometres of Hydro wires and towers that need to be inspected for safety, damage by ice, animals and maintenance of their rural infrastructure. This Hydro company is still using boots on the ground, trucks, snowmobiles etc to inspect their towers and lines. This particular company is buying fixed wing gas powered Drones with a range of 400 kilometres. Also they will ad smaller quadcopters that have greater mobility in “tight” areas that can not be done with a fixed wing Drone mainly because of their need for a wider radius of turn.

Their Drones will navigate using our current GPS and GNSS satellite networks and our new 5G data accessibility for Rural area BVLOS.

Using a combination of drone enabled software on their cameras and C2 base stations they can utilize all types of software such as Thermal Heat Imaging, Photogrammetry, LIDAR, FLIR and more to gather extremely sensitive data within 2cm of their flight path. This data will be lived streamed back to their Safety and Engineers for analysis and immediate actions. Drones will be flown using waypoints pre-programmed by the pilot into the Drones autopilot. The pilot will only be there for take off, landing and emergencies using manual hands on recovery flight when necessary.

This Hydro company through a deep dive analysis with their Safety and Engineering departments have concluded that one Drone pilot with one Visual Observer can gather 10 times more Data per day than boots on the ground. Not to mention reduction in Insurance, Workers compensation, hotels, meals and on and on.

                The New Transport Canada Advanced Complex BVLOS Exam

The Canadian Drone Institute is writing the course content for the new Transport Canada Advanced Complex Drone Certificate. Our staff consists of current and retired Transport Canada Airline Pilots, Transport Canada Flight School Instructors with Advanced certificates on numerous types of Drones

All companies and pilots in Canada that want to fly Rural BVLOS in early 2022 will need to have pilots who have passed The Advanced Complex Transport Canada exam and have a certified Advanced Complex pilot(s) on staff to conduct the BVLOS operation
BVLOS flights will fall into two categories Routine and Complex. Each category of flight will
require an SFOC submission to Transport Canada for your BVLOS Drone mission approval. Routine Rural Operations.

Redundant rural with the same SOP for each flight. Your Transport Canada inspector may at his or her discretion issue one or multiple SFOCS which will be based on how well you have done to satisfy Transport Canada’s Safety Guidelines in your submission. Rural Complex.

Your SFOC will need to show many more areas of knowledge for the Pilot and Visual Observer(s) There are International guidelines now being structured by ICAO or the International Civil Aviation Organization. This will allow a Global consistency in BVLOS operations. This is how manned aviation airlines etc follow one set of primary flight rules from country to country worldwide.

Here are the rules overview to write a Complex SFOC for Submission. I will add we have an expert Regulatory Team to write your first SFOC submission as well as continued support for any new Regulations introduced into legislation


The Joint Authorities for Rule-making on Unmanned Systems (JARUS), JARUS is a group of experts gathering regulatory expertise from all around the world. At present, 63 countries and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and are contributing to the development of JARUS work products.

The Stakeholder Consultation Body (SCB), representing all industry communities of interest, was established to allow stakeholders the opportunity to support JARUS activities.

JARUS Purpose

The purpose of JARUS, as stated in our Terms of Reference, is “to recommend a single set of technical, safety and operational requirements for all aspects linked to the safe operation of the Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).This requires review and consideration of existing regulations and other material applicable to manned aircraft, the analysis of the specific tasks linked to UAS and the drafting of material to cover the unique features of UAS”.

The JARUS guidance material aims to facilitate each authority to write their own requirements and avoid duplicated efforts.

“Reprinted with permission from ICAO”


What is SORA?

The Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA) is a novel approach on how to safely create, evaluate and conduct an Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) operation. It focuses on assigning to a UAS-operation two classes of risk, a ground risk class (GRC) and an air risk class (ARC).
The GRC and ARC form the basis to determine the so-called Specific Assurance and Integrity
Levels (SAIL) for both respectively. The SAIL represent the level of confidence that the UAS operation will stay under control within the boundaries of the intended operation.
The SORA allows operators to utilize certain threat barriers and/or mitigating measures to reduce both risk-classes and thereby reducing the SAIL. The final step in the risk assessment is the recommendation of the Operational Safety Objectives (OSO) to be met in accordance with the SAIL. The SORA is a method to integrate UAS operations with (commercial) manned aviation independent of the weight of the UA and altitude in the airspace with a certain level of safety.

To facilitate the SORA process, additionally the so-called Standard Scenarios (STS) may be developed for certain types of operations, with known hazards and acceptable risk-mitigations.
The STS may then be used by operators and regulating authorities as a template to reduce the amount of work involved with approving UAS-operations.

“Reprinted with permission from ICAO”

Our BVLOS Complex SFOC Team will be led by Tony Thornton, Vice President North American
Operations for The Canadian Drone Institute. Tony is currently the Chief Pilot for Maple Leaf Gardens Inc.

Tony has led SOP Teams as the Project Manager for the Boeing 737 and 800 series and has
acted as the CARS (Transport Canada Canadian Aviation Regulations) section 705 Chief Pilot.
Tony is recognized as one of the leading aviation experts in Canada for writing the SFOC and
SOP guidelines for companies

Clear skies ahead for our Drone Industry!

Greg Davis
The Canadian Drone Institute 2015 Ltd

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